“When the petitioner establishes past persecution, the government bears the burden of establishing that changed country conditions have removed the petitioner’s presumptive well-founded fear of future persecution.” Mousa v. Mukasey, 530 F.3d 1025, 1029 (9th Cir. 2008)
Pursuant to 8 C.F.R. § 1208.13(b)(1)(i) & (ii), the government may rebut the presumption of a well-founded fear by showing “by a preponderance of the evidence” that there has been a “fundamental change in circumstances such that the applicant no longer has a well-founded fear.” See also Kamalyan v. Holder, 620 F.3d 1054, 1057 (9th Cir. 2010) (to rebut presumption of a well-founded fear, government must show by a preponderance of the evidence that a fundamental change in country conditions has dispelled any well-founded fear); Hanna v. Keisler, 506 F.3d 933, 938 (9th Cir. 2007); Mohammed v. Gonzales, 400 F.3d 785, 800 (9th Cir. 2005)
Where past persecution has been established, generalized information from a State Department report on country conditions is not sufficient to rebut the presumption of future persecution. See Molina-Estrada v. INS, 293 F.3d 1089, 1096 (9th Cir. 2002)
“Because a presumption of well-founded fear arises upon a showing of past persecution, the burden is on the INS to demonstrate by a preponderance of the evidence, once such a showing is made, that the applicant can reasonably relocate internally to an area of safety.” Melkonian v. Ashcroft, 320 F.3d 1061, 1070 (9th Cir. 2003); see also Silaya v. Mukasey, 524 F.3d 1066, 1073 (9th Cir. 2008); Mashiri v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 1112, 1122-23 (9th Cir. 2004)
Where the persecutor is the government, “[i]t has never been thought that there are safe places within a nation” for the applicant to return. Singh v. Moschorak, 53 F.3d 1031, 1034 (9th Cir. 1995). “In cases in which the persecutor is a government or is government-sponsored, or the applicant has established persecution in the past, it shall be presumed that internal relocation would not be reasonable, unless the Service establishes by a preponderance of the evidence that, under all the circumstances, it would be reasonable for the applicant to relocate.” 8 C.F.R. § 1208.13(b)(3)(ii).