滕彪文集
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滕彪文集
·被曝光的电邮:怕惹恼北京美国律师协会取消出版《黎明前的黑暗》
·美律协违约拒为滕彪出书 国会要求解释
·高智晟:ABA和滕彪哪個更應該強大
·Lawmakers Pounce After ABA Scraps Book by China Rights Lawyer
·American Self-Censorship Association/WSJ
·An interview with China’s foremost rights lawyer Dr Teng Biao
·纽约时报:中国律师新书命运引发在华NGO自我审查争议
·Is China Returning to the Madness of Mao’s Cultural Revolution?
·The Conundrum of Compromise/Robert Precht
·Congress Still Calling Out ABA Over Canceled Book Deal
·No country for academics: Chinese crackdown forces intellectuals abroa
·中共血債大於其他專制國家
·江绪林之死反映中国知识分子精神痛苦唯有自杀寻求解脱
·"THERE WILL ALWAYS BE SOME BRAVE ACTIVISTS WHO REFUSE TO KEEP QUIET"
·“你们全家都是共产党员!”
·滕彪和江天勇获第25届杰出民主人士奖
·访滕彪:中国司法何以如此“高效率”
·'China wacht een revolutie, ik hoop een vreedzame'
·Arrestatiegolf China toont angst van regime
·ENTRETIEN AVEC LE DéFENSEUR DES DROITS DE L'HOMME TENG BIAO
·Le Parti communiste chinois est confronté à une série de crises
·英媒:遭受打击 中国知识分子被迫出国
·709 Crackdown/ Front Line Defenders
·Cataloging the Torture of Lawyers in China
·南海仲裁的法理基础及其对中国的政治冲击
·the Comfort of Self-Censorship
·G20前夕美国家安全顾问会晤中国人权人士
·Chinese dissidents urge Obama to press Xi Jinping on human rights at G
·China blocks major civil society groups from monitoring G20 summit
·Open Letter to G20 Leaders attending the 2016 G20 Summit
·自我审查的自我安慰/滕彪
·细雨中的独白——写给十七年
·Rights lawyers publicly shamed by China's national bar association
·沉默的暴行
·中共“长臂”施压 维权律师滕彪妻子被迫离职
·除了革命,中国已经别无道路
·高瑜案件从一开始就是政治操控
·毛式文革与恐怖主义之异同——国内外专家学者访谈
·最高法维护狼牙山五壮士名誉 学者批司法为文宣服务
·滕彪和杨建利投书彭博社 批评美国大选不谈中国人权议题
·“未来关键运动的发起者可能是我们都不认识的人。”
·政治因素杀死了贾敬龙
·中国维权人士在达兰萨拉与藏人探讨“中共的命运”
·黑暗的2016:中国人权更加倒退的一年
·滕彪談廢死
·滕彪:酷刑逼供背後是国家支持的系统性暴力
·在黑暗中尋找光明
·专访滕彪、杨建利:美国新法案 不给人权侵害者发签证
·海内外民主人士促美制裁中国人权迫害者/RFA
·A Joint Statement Upon the Establishment of ‘China Human Rights Accou
·关于成立“中国人权问责中心”的声明
·Group to Probe China's Human Rights Violations Under U.S. Law
·The Long Reach of China to Silence Its Critics
·王臧:极权主义,不止是“地域性灾难”
·Trump has the power to fight China on human rights. Will he use it?
·纪录片《吊照门》
·「吊照门」事件 引发法界震盪
·脸书玩命想进中国/RFA
·中国反酷刑联盟成立公告
·德电台奖冉云飞滕彪获提名
·中国维权律师:风雨中的坚持
·Harassed Chinese rights lawyer still speaking out on Tibetans’ plight
·Beijing Suspends Licenses of 2 Lawyers Who Offered to Defend Tibetans
·VOA连线:中国反酷刑联盟成立,向酷刑说“不”
·Announcement of the Establishment of the China Anti-Torture Alliance
·Chinese Court Upends 13-Year-Old Rape, Murder, Robbery Convictions
·中共迫害律师的前前后后
·Scholars Return to YLS to Discuss Human Rights Advocacy in China
·Abducted Activists
·中国的民间反对运动与维权运动
·Conversation on China’s human rights: Professor provides first hand a
·Exiled Chinese lawyer says the country is moving toward a new totalita
·VOA时事大家谈:抓律师两高人大邀功,保政权司法第一要务
·滕彪讲述被绑架和单独关押的经历
·Chinese human rights lawyer stresses the duty to resist
·山东“刺死辱母者”案,为何引发民意汹涌?/VOA
·关于审查《城市流浪乞讨人员收容遣送办法》的建议书
·Street Vendor’s Execution Stokes Anger in China
·[video]Academic freedom in the East and Southeast
·海外华人学者成立民主转型研究所VOA
·美国律师协会为受难律师高智晟出书/VOA
·郭文貴爆料,為何中國當局反應強烈?
·杨银波:搞滕彪、李和平,我看不过去
·Chinese Rights Lawyer Strikes Back at ABA Over Scuttled Book/WSJ
·China puts leading human rights lawyer on trial for 'inciting subversi
·丧尽天良,709维权律师李和平被灌不明精神药物!
·709案的秘密審訊——酷刑之後,強迫喂藥
·王全璋:被“消失”的中国人权律师
·李和平等709律师被捕期间遭强迫灌药酷刑虐待
·李明哲案成陸對台籌碼
·川普政府吁中共尊重人权 学者促弃绥靖政策
·从709维权律师审判看盘古氏公司庭审秀 习近平是圣君还是反人类罪犯
· 纪念709,推动首届中国人权律师节
·709将成为〝中国人权律师节〞
·美港台人权组织设立709中国人权律师节
·Announcing the Inaugural China Human Rights Lawyers’ Day
·关于举办首届“中国人权律师节”活动的通告
·Why the West treats China with kid gloves
·首届中国人权律师节征集漫画、海报、短视频
·“访民困境与出路”研讨会
·美国CECC中国人权听证会:中共必须被公开羞辱
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HOW HAS CHINA CHANGED POLITICALLY SINCE THE ICONIC STUDENT PROTESTS?

   https://www.newsweek.com/tiananmen-square-30th-anniversary-china-changed-politically-iconic-student-protests-1442109
   
   TIANANMEN SQUARE 30TH ANNIVERSARY: HOW HAS CHINA CHANGED POLITICALLY SINCE THE ICONIC STUDENT PROTESTS?
   BY SOPHIA WATERFIELD ON 6/5/19 AT 12:01 AM EDT
   


   It has been 30 years since the events surrounding Tiananmen Square, a brutal Chinese government crackdown on demonstrators in June 1989. The Chinese government's count of those killed in the incident was 241, including soldiers, and 7,000 wounded. However, other estimates have put the death toll much higher.
   It has served as a symbol for political unrest in China ever since. The events also produced the iconic "Tank Man" image of a lone protester facing down a column of tanks.
   
   But how has the country changed politically and economically since the protests? Newsweek spoke to academics and activists on what they have seen happen in the decades since.
   
   What is China like 30 years on?
   Jared Hall, Dean of Academic Life at the Hotchkiss School, described the events of 1989 as "firming up the marriage of economic and cultural liberalization with political authoritarianism."
   
   "There's good evidence that [Chairman Mao Zedong's successor] Deng Xiaoping had been committed to [the aforementioned] framework from the 1970s onward, but there were also forces in and outside the party that had been pushing political liberalization as well—particularly in the realm of civil liberties," he told Newsweek. "The events of June 1989 created a remarkably stable political settlement that largely endures today."
   
   Teng Biao, President of China Against the Death Penalty, co-founder of the Open Constitution Initiative, and a visiting scholar for the U.S.-Asia Law Institute in New York University told Newsweekthat Tiananmen Square changed everything for China: "The Tiananmen massacre changed the political imagination and even the dominant ethos of China. It has strengthened the 'China Model' which should be described as 'market totalitarianism plus kleptocracy.'"
   
   In an essay he wrote for Law and Liberty, Teng said that the incident at Tiananmen Square changed China economically in what he calls the "Chinese miracle."
   
   "What is most ironic is that the economic reforms of elite privatization that China carried out after June 4 were undoubtedly the most shameless and deplorable in moral terms, but also probably the most effective and likely to succeed," he wrote. "The Tiananmen massacre completely deprived people of their right to speak, and the lack of public participation and supervision in China's privatization process allowed a minority of officials to treat public assets as their personal property."
   
   This view is shared by analyst Francisco Bencosme, Asia advocacy manager at Amnesty International USA. He wrote for Newsweek: "[Since June 4, 1989], you'd be hard pressed to find any serious analysts who still believe economic prosperity has led to a more liberated China. Instead, China has been emboldened to infringe on the rights of its own people at home and abroad, cracking down on burgeoning civil society and activists, and undermining international human rights institutions as a means of subjugating its people under its control."
   
   Tiananmen Square 30 Year Anniversary Student Protests
   A dissident student asks soldiers to go back home as crowds flooded into the central Beijing on June 3, 1989. On the night of June 3 - 4, 1989, Tiananmen Square sheltered the last pro-democracy supporters as Chinese troops marched on the square to end a weeks-long occupation by student protestors, using lethal force to remove opposition it encountered along the way. Hundreds of demonstrators were killed in the crackdown as tanks rolled into the environs of the square.
   AFP / GETTY IMAGES/CATHERINE HENRIETTE
   In 2019, the CCP undertook a major overhaul of the central government, creating a new government body called the National Supervisory Commission. According to Human Rights Watch, it is empowered to "detain incommunicado anyone exercising public authority for up to six months without fair trial procedures."
   
   It also stepped up abuses against Turkic Muslims in the country's northwestern Xinjiang region. This includes detention, torture and mistreatment. Human Rights Watch also notes that there are new regulations in Tibet that criminalize traditional forms of social action, even "community mediation."
   
   The government also controls the internet, mass media and academia, and have downplayed the actions that took place in Tiananmen Square in 1989. This includes the death toll and blocking its mention on the internet. It is also reported that the government has ordered blockades around Tiananmen Square during the time of the 30th anniversary.
   
   Students China Communist Party
   College students wave national flags as they watch the opening of the 19th Communist Party Congress in Huaibei in China's eastern Anhui province on October 18, 2017. Named the "iPhone Generation", students in China have not followed in the footsteps of their predecessors in the 1980s.
   STR/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
   "China's GDP per capita in 2017 was 28 times larger than it was in 1989; that economic growth has led to massive poverty alleviation, and, in its place, much greater opportunities for ordinary Chinese," Hall told Newsweek.
   
   "Life is simply better at every stage of the life cycle: Infant mortality has plummeted, more educational opportunities are available (last year, for example, there were 363,341 Chinese students studying abroad in the United States), there are more jobs today that are more dynamic and fulfilling, and people are living longer and healthier lives.
   
   "These successes have come at the cost of continued authoritarianism, and it is ultimately impossible to know what the public feels about that trade-off. I worry that the term 'human rights' conflates the system as a whole—one that has arguably shown some results from a developmental perspective—and the more egregious excesses: the mass incarceration of Uyghurs [Muslims] is particularly troubling to me," Hall said.
   
   Tiananmen Square 30 Year Anniversary May 1989
   Raising a banner which reads "Lift Martial Law and Protect the Capital", journalists from the Communist party's official newspaper, the "People's Daily" lead a march towards Tiananmen Square May 22, 1989, in an authorized demonstration in support of pro-democracy students. In a show of force on June 4, China leaders vented their fury and frustration on student dissidents and their pro-democracy supporters. Several hundred people have been killed and thousands wounded when soldiers moved on Tiananmen Square during a violent military crackdown ending six weeks of student demonstrations.
   AFP / GETTY IMAGES/CATHERINE HENRIETTE
   Angellica Aribam, an Indian political activist, lived in China for a year and studied at Peking University, which she describes as the hub of Tiananmen activities in 1989. However, now the students are the polar opposite of the demonstrators in the 1980s.
   
   "The youth is more interested in having a good life and going abroad," Aribam told Newsweek. "They feel the government has done a lot in improving the standard of living for the Chinese citizenry. There is an absolute lack of political consciousness amongst the youth. The older generation calls them the iPhone generation because of their nonchalance towards the interest of the country.
   
   "However, the older generation, people who were in their teens-twenties during the Tiananmen movement, still harbor the hope of democracy. This older generation often talk about the hardships they endured, the stories of unfortunate incident, how they mobilized youth during those days. All in the hope that the youth would take interest. Perhaps the silver lining in a rather disappointing scenario," Aribam said.
(2019/06/06 发表)
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