Antalcidas (Greek: Ἀνταλκίδας) was a Spartan soldier and diplomat, theson of Leon.
In 393 (or 392) BC he was sent to Tiribazus, Persian satrap of Sardis,to undermine the friendly relations then existing between Athens andPersia, offering to recognize Persian claims to the whole of AsiaMinor and supremacy over Greek cities there.
The Athenians sent an embassy under Conon to counteract his efforts.Tiribazus, who was favourable to Sparta, threw Conon into prison, butArtaxerxes II (Mnemon) disapproved and recalled his satrap.
In 388 BC Antalcidas, then commander of the navy went to the activeassistance of Persia against Athens. The success of his navaloperations in the neighbourhood of the Hellespont was such that Athenswas glad to accept terms of peace (the Peace of Antalcidas), bywhich（条约规定）:
the whole of Asia Minor, with the islands of Clazomenae and Cyprus,was recognized as subject to Persia。（所有小亚细亚的岛屿如Clazomenae andCyprus/克拉佐曼纳和塞浦路斯都将臣属波斯。）all other Greek cities—so far they were not under Persian rule—were tobe independent,（所有希腊城市——无论远近并不隶属波斯——独立一如既往） except Lemnos, Imbros andScyros, which were to belong, as formerly, to theAthenians.（除去Lemnos/利姆诺斯, Imbros印布洛斯/ 和Scyros/斯库罗斯，他们不再像以前那样隶属于雅典人。——笔者意译。）
The terms were announced to the Greek envoys at Sardis in the winterof 387/386 BC, and were finally accepted by Sparta in 386. Antalcidascontinued in favour with Artaxerxes, until the annihilation of Spartansupremacy after the Battle of Leuctra diminished his influence.
A final mission to Persia, probably in 367, was a failure, andAntalcidas, deeply chagrined and fearful of the consequences, is saidto have starved himself todeath./安塔尔基达斯（？－前361年），斯巴达外交家、将领。他曾试图把希腊城邦让与波斯人以终结公元前393年的希波战争。公元前388年，他进而与阿尔塔薛西斯二世谈判。他封锁赫勒斯滂海峡后，斯巴达的敌人们接受了“大王和约”(“安塔尔基达斯和约”)，放弃把小亚细亚的希腊城邦让与波斯。约公元前373年，他重返波斯，可他于公元前361年前后的使命失败，他本人自杀而亡。（维基百科）
可是，波斯人对于所犯希腊地区施行自治，却并非首举。（可见希罗多德《历史》P315:<特尔普西克瑞.>）（Persian Wars withthe Greeks Darius appointed Mardonius as one of his generals and,after the Ionian Revolt, sent him in 492 BC to punish the Greekcity-state of Athens for assisting the Ionians. On his way to Athens,he used his army in the Ionian cities to depose the Greek tyrants andset up democratic governments, an action which surprised the Greeks atthat time. Historians consider that he may have taken this action sothat the Ionians would not revolt a second time after the Persian armyhad passed through.）